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  • Annual Meeting Refresher Courses for Sale

  • Maintain your professional edge by adding to your education library with RSNA Annual Meeting Refresher Courses.  Each course includes a CME test allowing you to earn AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.  These Cd’s are PC/MAC compatible each includes an audiovisual presentation, faculty transcripts and a CME test. The built-in presentation search feature allows you to move directly to specific topics relevant to your learning during each course.  

  • AbHeader
    • Abdominal Imaging
    • CT and MR Techniques for Imaging the Pancreas-New 
      RSP2812  

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      Fergus V. Coakley, MD; Koenraad J. Mortele, MD; Riccardo Manfredi, MD 
      Content Codes: GI, CT, MR  
      CME 1.50 
      Cystic pancreatic lesions are diagnosed with increasing frequency in the general population. This course reviews the most common cystic pancreatic tumors, serous cystadenoma (SCA), mucinous cystadenoma (MCA) and intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs). Also addressed are the less frequently diagnosed cystic neoplasms of the pancreas represented by solid pseudopapillary tumor, cystic neuroendocrine tumors, and cystic adenocarcinoma. This course provides a description of the clinical and pathologic features of cystic pancreatic neoplasms and the key diagnostic imaging findings useful for diagnosis.
       
      Great Cases in Abdominal US - Part of Abdominal Collection - BUN26  
      RSP1311 

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      Robert A. Kane, MD; Michael D. Beland, MD; Philip W. Ralls, MD 
      Content Codes: GI, GU, US 
      CME 1.25 
      This course uses a case-based format to identify and characterize malignancies of the liver, kidneys, biliary tract and pancreas. The current status in the United States of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (US) for evaluating Focal Liver Lesions (FLLs) is reviewed. The role of US imaging in common renal disease is also presented, including review of a wide variety of acute and chronic diseases of the kidneys. Finally, the course promotes recognition of unusual and instructive cases in the biliary tract and pancreas
       
      Gastrointestinal: Acute Abdominal Pain - Part of Abdominal Collection BUN26   
      RSP1211 

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      Rajan T. Gupta, MD; Jay P. Heiken, MD; Desiree E. Morgan, MD 
      Content Codes: GI, ER 
      CME 1.50  
      Acute abdominal pain presents a diagnostic challenge for radiologists. Common and uncommon etiologies for bowel obstruction are presented in this course, with emphasis on identification of key features that impact clinical management. State-of-the-art techniques for evaluating intestinal ischemia, acute appendicitis and acute diverticulitis are presented, including review of major complications in acute diverticulitis. Cross-sectional imaging of acute pancreatitis and discussion of appropriate management round out this comprehensive review of acute abdominal pain.
       
      Gastrointestinal: Gallbladder and Bile Ducts   
      RSP2511 

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      Ivan Pedrosa, MD; Benjamin M. Yeh, MD  
      Content Codes: GI, CT, MR 
      CME 1.00  
      The gallbladder and bile duct can provide the radiologist with a host of complicated imaging findings. Review of basic anatomy and physiology of the biliary system kicks off this course, providing appropriate context for discussion of both malignant and benign disorders of the gallbladder. Emphasis is placed on appropriate CT and MR techniques for imaging the gallbladder and bile ducts, including the advantages and limitations of different imaging protocols. Methods to differentiate benign versus malignant disorders of the gallbladder and bile ducts are presented, including identifying disorders such as biliary stones, biliary inflammation, cholangitis, cholangiocarcinoma, and gallbladder carcinoma. Case-based review of imaging findings of each of these disease processes promotes differential visual identification.
       
      Gastrointestinal: Liver   
      RSP1911 

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      Courtney A. Coursey, MD; Claude B. Sirlin, MD; Erik K. Paulson, MD 
      Content Codes: GI, MR, CT 
      CME 1.50  
      This course provides a comprehensive review of liver imaging, including both CT and MR techniques. Detection of liver pathology using optimized CT protocols is discussed, including protocol modification to achieve reductions in radiation dose. MR protocols for evaluation of the liver are presented, including review of extracellular, combined extracellular and hepatobiliary (gadobenate dimeglumine, gadoxetate disodium), and blood-pool (gadofoveset trisodium) MR contrast agents. Test your knowledge and experience in identifying focal liver lesions on CT and MR in a case-based review format.
       
      Abdominal MRI for Better Diagnosis - Part of Abdominal Collection - BUN26  
      RSP1711 

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      Richard C. Semelka, MD; Diego R. Martin, MD, PhD; Russell N. Low, MD 
      Content Codes: GI, QA, MR 
      CME 1.75 
      This course reviews the major concerns regarding image quality in full-body and abdominal MR, including techniques for reducing motion artifacts. Additionally, this course reviews the applications of MRI in evaluation of diffuse liver disease and common liver tumors. Finally, this course describes MR imaging techniques and protocols for intestinal and peritoneal imaging, including focus on the value of gadolinium-enhanced MRI and diffusion-weighted MRI for diagnosis.
       
      Traumatic Abdomen and Pelvis  
      RSP1510  

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      Robert A. Novelline, MD; Jorge A. Soto, MD; Sue Ellen Hanks, MD 
      Content Codes: ER, GI, GU, VA, CT 
      CME 1.75  
      Management of traumatic abdominal and pelvic injuries relies heavily on the radiologists’ ability to rapidly recognize and provide intervention for their patients. This course describes optimal MDCT protocols for evaluating and diagnosing active abdominal bleeding, including CTA for patients with vascular trauma. In addition, review of CT angiography as a method of identifying and characterizing active bleeds in certain subgroups is discussed. Triage concerns are addressed for abdominal and pelvic trauma patients, focusing on rapid diagnosis and vascular intervention.
       
      Acute Conditions of the Abdomen  
      RSP1310 

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      Francis Joseph Scholz, MD; Rajan T. Gupta, MD; Douglas S. Katz, MD; Jay P. Heiken, MD 
      Content Codes: CT, ER, IR, GI  
      CME 1.75  
      This course reviews the differential diagnoses for a broad spectrum of acute inflammatory conditions affecting the luminal and solid organs. Analysis of bowel dysfunction on CT is presented, as well as a discussion of the accurate detection and characterization of gallbladder disease. State-of-the-art CT techniques for evaluation of suspected intestinal ischemia are also provided.
       
      Small Bowel Imaging  
      RSP1010  

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      Jeff L. Fidler, MD; Tracy Anne Jaffe, MD; Michael Macari, MD 
      Content Codes: CT, GI, MR  
      CME 1.75  
      MR and CT imaging can provide useful diagnostic information in patients with medical conditions of the small bowel. This course reviews advantages and limitations of CT and MR imaging of the small bowel, focusing on the CT appearance of small bowel obstruction as well as current imaging strategies and techniques to identify small bowel bleeds. Review of epidemiology and clinical management of Crohns disease on CT and MR is also discussed.
       
      Pancreatic Imaging   
      RSP1210  

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      Fergus V. Coakley, MD; Mark E. Baker, MD; Alec Jeffrey Megibow, MD, PhD; Desiree Emma Morgan, MD  
      Content Codes: GI, OI, CT, MR 
      CME 1.75  
      Optimal imaging of the pancreas is essential in determining morphology of common pancreatic abnormalities. This course outlines methods for performing a technically optimized CT or MR scan of the pancreas, with discussion of identification strategies for acute pancreatitis as seen on contrast-enhanced CT and MR. Detecting the appearance of pancreatic adenocarcinoma on state-of-the-art MDCT and MR imaging is also reviewed, along with imaging findings related to cystic pancreatic masses.
       
      Esophageal and Gastric Conditions  
      RSP1410  

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      William Moreau Thompson, MD; Richard Michael Gore, MD; Cheri Lee Canon, MD 
      Content Codes: GI, OI 
      CME 1.50  
      In this course, common approaches to identification of malignancies of the esophagus and stomach are discussed, focusing on barium studies and cross-sectional imaging specifically. Imaging features and findings useful in the diagnosis of gastric malignancies are discussed. A review of postoperative imaging findings in patients with gastric cancer surgery is presented, along with imaging approaches for patients with gastrointestinal surgery including esophagogastrectomy with gastric pull-up, fundoplication, and gastric bypass procedures.
       
      CT Colonography  
      RSP1110  

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      Abraham H. Dachman, MD; Perry J. Pickhardt, MD; David H. Kim, MD;
      Dushyant V. Sahani, MD
       
      Content Codes: GI, OI  
      CME 1.50  
      This course reviews techniques to optimize CT colonography scanning in difficult cases, including discussion of technical optimization and quality assurance. Differentiation between lesion detection on 3D vs. 2D imaging is provided. Presenters also review nationally established benchmarks for CTC imaging and current efforts to expand colorectal cancer screening using CTC. Staging of colorectal cancer and treatment strategies based on TNM staging are also presented.
       
      The Incidental Small Renal Mass 
      RSP2510  

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      Stuart G. Silverman, MD; Brian Robert Herts, MD; Ivan Pedrosa, MD  
      Content Codes: GU, OI, MR, CT  
      CME 1.50  
      Evaluation of small renal masses presents radiologists with a challenge in determining which lesions should cause concern and which can be ignored. This course reviews the latest developments in evaluating small solid and cystic renal masses on MDCT, MR imaging, and biopsy. Additionally, this course outlines strategies for characterization of masses into “leave-alone,” “observation” and “treatment” categories. Through characterization of these masses, a practical and medically appropriate approach to managing these lesions is reviewed.
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  • Cardio
    • Cardiovascular Imaging
    • Acute Aortic Disorders: Dissection and Variants-NEW 
      RSP1312  

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      Dominik Fleischmann, MD; Stuart E. Mirvis, MD; Dominik Fleischmann, MD 
      Content Codes: VA, CT, ER 
      CME 1.50  

      This course reviews the pathology, epidemiology, and natural history of acute aortic dissection and its variants, including discussion of specific entities such as limited dissection (limited intimal tear) and its relation to intramural hematoma (IMH).   Imaging strategies for patients with acute aortic syndromes,including methods to differentiate between traumatic aortic injuries and anatomic variants that mimic aortic injury, are presented. Examples are provided of imaging findings and therapeutic options in patients with complicated dissections and end organ ischemia, such as identification of true versus false lumen flow, and assessment of side branch involvement.

       
      Cardiac CT and MRI Technology Update-New -Part of Cardiac Imaging Collection BUN30 
      RSP1712  

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      James Earls, MD; U. Joseph Schoepf, MD; Richard White, MD 

      Content Codes: CA, CT, MR, QA 
      CME 1.25  

      Cardiac CT is a potentially high radiation dose examination, especially as CT systems have evolved with high output x-ray tubes and narrowed detector collimination.  This course reviews many methods proven to reduce the effective radiation dose of cardiac CT exams.  Advances in cardiovascular MRI and its ability to evaluate myocardial tissue characteristics, active tissue properties (e.g. stiffness), and central flow will be reviewed in this presentation.  This course will review all available dose reduction strategies, including the use of optimized scan parameters and new technologies such as prospective triggering and iterative reconstruction.  Concrete instructions that can be translated into clinical practice will be provided.

       

       
      Imaging the Cardiac Valves and Valve Prostheses-New - Part of Cardiac Imaging Collection BUN30 
      RSP2912 

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      Jens Vogel-Claussen, MD; Steven Dymarkowski, MD; Suhny Abbara, MD 
      Content Codes: CA, CT, MR 
      CME 1.50  

      Electrocardiograph (ECG)-gated cardiac computed tomography (CT) angiography has great potential for the evaluation of cardiac valves, with excellent image quality. This course reviews a wide range of valve pathology that can be assessed by cardiac CT imaging, including congenital and acquired conditions, infectious endocarditis, and complications of valve replacement. Case examples of doppler-echocardiography imaging used to evaluate ischemic heart and valvular heart diseases will be discussed.  This presentation also focuses on the usefulness of MRI in the diagnosis and management of VHD, identifying its added value in comparison with more conventional diagnostic means.

       

       
      Vascular Diseases in Young Adults  
      RSP1411 

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      Elliot K. Fishman, MD; Frandics P. Chan, MD, PhD; Jean-Francois Paul, MD; Richard L. Hallett, II, MD 
      Content Codes: VA, CT, MR 
      CME 1.50 

      The gallbladder and bile duct can provide the radiologist with a host of complicated imaging findings. Review of basic anatomy and physiology of the biliary system kicks off this course, providing appropriate context for discussion of both malignant and benign disorders of the gallbladder. Emphasis is placed on appropriate CT and MR techniques for imaging the gallbladder and bile ducts, including the advantages and limitations of different imaging protocols. Methods to differentiate benign versus malignant disorders of the gallbladder and bile ducts are presented, including identifying disorders such as biliary stones, biliary inflammation, cholangitis, cholangiocarcinoma, and gallbladder carcinoma. Case-based review of imaging findings of each of these disease processes promotes differential visual identification.

       
      Imaging of Adult Congenital Heart Disease   
      RSP2211 

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      Linda B. Haramati, MD; Carlos S. Restrepo, MD; Jeffrey M. Levsky, MD, PhD 
      Content Codes: CA, CT, MR 
      CME 1.75  

      Classification, anatomy, and pathophysiology of the most common systemic and venous pulmonary anomalies of the chest are reviewed in this course on adult congenital heart disease. The various types of simple shunts that can present in adulthood are reviewed, promoting recognition of the CT and MR features of atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, patent ductus arteriosus and coronary cameral fistula. Systemic and pulmonary venous anomalies are also reviewed, demonstrating their most significant imaging findings. This course concludes with adult presentation of tetralogy of Fallot, as well as transposition of the great vessels and single ventricle states.

       
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  • Head_and_Neck
    • Head and Neck Imaging/ Neuroradiology
    • Head and Neck Missed Diagnoses and Imaging Pearls-New - Part of Head Imaging Collection BUN31 
      RSP1212  

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      Deborah R. Shatzkes, MD; Richard H. Wiggins III, MD 
      Content Codes: HN, NR 
      CME 1.75   
      The head and neck can be challenging areas for the radiologist. Some findings are easily missed, and others are frequently misinterpreted. This course reviews imaging findings for some of the most commonly missed diagnoses in the head and neck, including those within the neck, temporal bone, paranasal sinuses, skull base and orbits. Case based examples are provided to reduce the likelihood of misinterpretation of image findings. Review and scan techniques for difficult head and neck findings are reviewed.
       
      Emergency Neuroradiology: Head Trauma-New - -Part of Head Imaging Collection BUN31  
      RSP1412  

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      Robert D. Zimmerman, MD; Gul Moonis, MD 
      Content Codes: NR, CT, MR, ER 
      CME 1.25   
      Imaging features of traumatic brain injury, with an emphasis on unusual imaging presentations of traumatic brain lesions, are presented in this course. Use of decreased dose CT and the role of reformatted images and CT angiography are discussed. The course reviews imaging of patients with mild traumatic brain injury, including use of advanced imaging techniques such as susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI) perfusion imaging, diffusion imaging and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). Clinical considerations in temporal bone trauma, including anatomic landmarks and pseudofractures along with complications in imaging, are discussed.
       
      PET Brain Imaging with an Emphasis on Dementia - New Part of Dementia Collection BUN27  
      RSP1512 

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      Satoshi Minoshima, MD, PhD; Yoshimi Anzai, MD; Kirk A. Frey, MD, PhD  
      Content Codes: NR, CT, MR  
      CME 1.50   
      As we are faced with a growing aging population, dementia has become a major public health problem. Alzheimer disease (AD) is the most common dementia in the United States. This course focuses on the diagnosis of AD, including a review of the criteria for definite, probable and possible AD. A review of the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) and American College of Radiology (ACR) appropriateness criteria for imaging is addressed. Case studies evaluating brain MR imaging, including assessments of ischemic burden, cortical volume loss, extent of hemosiderin deposition, are also presented.
       
      Dementia Imaging: From Structure to Function-New Part of Dementia Collection BUN27  
      RSP2012  

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      Frederik Barkhof, MD, PhD; Mykol Larvie, MD, PhD  
      Content Codes: NR, BQ, MR 
      CME 1.25   
      Silent cerebral infarcts occurring in clinically salient areas such as the medial temporal lobe increase the risk of dementia. Criteria for vascular dementia (VaD) include presence of 1) dementia, 2) vascular disease, and 3) a relation between the two. This course reviews commonly used NINDS-AIREN criteria and specify which vascular territories are “relevant” for VaD. Brain imaging is thought to be essential for diagnosis. A review of large vessel strokes, such as bilateral infarcts in the anterior cerebral artery territory, infarcts in the posterior cerebral artery territory (e.g. hippocampus), and association areas or watershed regions is provided. Case studies will be presented of VaD patients with small vessel disease, bilateral thalamic lesions, cerebrovascular disease and its effects on Alzheimer’s disease diagnosis.
       
      Brain Imaging Work-up for Dementia Part of Dementia Collection BUN27  
      RSP2611 

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      Alexander Drzezga, MD; Yoshimi Anzai, MD; Kirk A. Frey, MD, PhD; Satoshi Minoshima, MD, PhD  
      Content Codes: NM, NR, MR, CT 
      CME 1.75  
      A comprehensive review of dementia and cognitive disorders is presented in this course, including emerging PET imaging techniques for their evaluation. Diagnostic features evident in dementia work-up using FDG-PET diagnostic are described. The course will be of greatest benefit to those who actively engage in brain PET imaging, but also will be useful to those interested in learning about the evolving field of dementia imaging.
       
      Imaging of the Neck  
      RSP2811 

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      Wendy R. Smoker, MD, FACR; Deborah L. Reede, MD  
      Content Codes: HN, NR 
      CME 1.50  
      Fascially-defined spaces of the suprahyoid and infrahyoid neck are reviewed in this course, providing methods for identifying common pathologies of each space. Clinical presentation and imaging characteristics of common neck masses are discussed, including a differential diagnosis algorithm for common lesions. This course also reviews the importance of clinical history and physical exam findings in identifying common neck masses.
       
      Brain Vascular Malformations and Hemorrhage  
      RSP2011 

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      Alice B. Smith, MD; James G. Smirniotopoulos, MD  
      Content Codes: VA, NR, ER 
      CME 1.50  
      Learn to recognize the various types of vascular malformations of the brain and brain hemorrhage in this comprehensive review. Associated risks and treatment options for each type of vascular malformation are discussed. The imaging appearance of hemorrhage within the brain and the underlying pathophysiology of iron metabolism is presented, along with associated risks and treatment options. In addition, methods to distinguish significant microbleeds from macrobleeds in hypertensive disease and amyloid angiopathy are included.
       
      Easily Missed Findings in Emergency Neuroimaging  
      RSP2410 

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      Diego B. Nunez, MD, MPH; James Michael Provenzale, MD; Peter George Kranz, MD; Clint W. Sliker, MD  
      Content Codes: ER, NR,HN 
      CME 1.50  
      Due to the complexity of the anatomic structures of the head and neck, radiologists must employ strategies to reduce errors and missed findings during imaging. This course reviews easily overlooked findings and diagnostic errors in traumatic and non-traumatic conditions of the skull base and neck. In addition, it explores common pitfalls in emergency imaging of the head and neck, with an emphasis on CT angiography in case-based approaches to identifying diagnostic errors. Strategies and diagnostic clues to minimize errors are also presented.
       
      Thyroid and Parathyroid Imaging  
      RSP2210 

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      Jill Eve Langer, MD; Laurie A. Loevner, MD  
      Content Codes: CT, MR, RO, US, HN, OI 
      CME 1.50  
      Sonography is one of the most valuable tools available to radiologists when performing imaging studies for thyroid and parathyroid imaging. During this course, the role of sonography in detection and characterization of thyroid nodules is defined, while also describing sonographic features of thyroid nodules that have increased chances of malignancy. Techniques for using ultrasound-guided FNA are also discussed. Additionally, the role of cross sectional imaging in detection of metastatic thyroid carcinoma is described.
       
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  • Musculoskeletal
    • Musculoskeletal Imaging
    • Easily Missed Findings in ER: Extremity Injuries - Part of ER Missed Diagnosis Collection BUN28  
      RSP1111  

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      Dominic Barron; Joseph S. Yu,MD; Ken F.Linnau, MD, MS; Lee F. Rogers, MD 
      Content Codes: MK, ER 
      CME 1.25 
      In an emergency-based setting, swift and accurate diagnosis of extremity injuries is key for optimal patient care. This course reviews the most easily missed findings of both upper and lower extremities in a wide variety of imaging modalities. Sites of review include ankle, foot, knee, femur, shoulder, elbow, wrist, hand, & thumb. Strategies to avoid missed findings are presented for each site, along with best-practice imaging procedures to avoid errors in diagnosis.
       
      Osteoporosis and Marrow Imaging  
      RSP1611 

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      Leon Lenchik, MD; Thomas M. Link, MD; Bradford J. Richmond, MD; Sandra L. Moore, MD 
      Content Codes: MK, CT 
      CME 1.75 
      DXA can be an extremely helpful tool in the diagnosis of osteoporosis. The role of DXA imaging in osteoporosis is described, as well as a review of various pitfalls of DXA interpretation. Vertebral fracture assessment in the diagnosis of osteoporotic fractures is discussed, with detailed review of the utility of conventional radiographs, CT, MRI, and DXA for this assessment. Appropriate use of the Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX) is included, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of QCT as compared to DXA. Finally, basic anatomic, pathologic, and physiological principles in marrow imaging on MR are included.
       
  • Pediatric
    • Pediatric Imaging
    • Pediatric Abdominal Imaging - Part of Pediatric Gastrointestinal Collection BUN25  
      RSP1811 

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      Shreyas S. Vasanawala, MD, PhD; Carol E. Barnewolt, MD; Kassa Darge, MD, PhD 
      Content Codes: GI, MR, ER, PD 
      CME 1.75  
      This course focuses on pediatric abdominal imaging, including pediatric liver disease, gynecological anomalies, and renal disease. Common indications for MR imaging in pediatric hepatobiliary disease are discussed, along with best-practice application of MR techniques for diagnosis of hepatobiliary dysfunction in the pediatric population. The embryology behind common congenital uterovaginal anomalies is discussed, providing a guide to pediatric gynecological MRI for evaluation of these anomalies. Strategies for best quality use of MR urography in evaluation of renal disease in children is also presented. In closing, the advantages and drawbacks of renal functional analysis in MR urography is discussed.
       
      Pediatric Gastrointestinal Imaging - Part of Pediatric Gastrointestinal Collection BUN25  
      RSP2711  

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      George A. Taylor, MD; Andrea S. Doria, MD  
      Content Codes: GI, PD 
      CME 1.00  
      This course reviews a range of pediatric gastrointestinal concerns, including blunt abdominal trauma, appendicitis, and inflammatory bowel disease. The strengths and limitations of abdominal CT for detection of bowel and mesenteric injury are reviewed, including understanding the significance of peritoneal fluid in the setting of blunt abdominal trauma. An evidence-based review of appendicitis is also presented, including advantages and disadvantages of different imaging modalities, as well as methodological techniques to evaluate acute appendicitis. Additionally,  updated MRI sequences for evaluation of inflammatory bowel disease and Crohns Disease in pediatric populations are presented.
       
      Pediatric Neuroimaging: Focus on Dose Reduction   
      RSP2810  

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      Michael F. McNitt-Gray, MD; Charles Mack Glasier, MD; Blaise Vincent Jones, MD  
      Content Codes: CT, NR, PD, QA 
      CME  
      Radiation dosing is a constant consideration in the mind of radiologists while imaging, particularly for pediatric patients. This course reviews and provides working strategies for reducing dose (mAs and/or kVp) in pediatric populations. Basic principles of dose standardization and reduction in pediatric neuro-CT are examined, as well as impact of dose reduction on image quality. Additional discussion of advanced imaging techniques developed to limit radiation dose is included.
       
      Pediatric Oncologic Imaging   
      RSP2710  

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      M. Beth McCarville, MD; Fred E. Avni, MD, PhD; Stephan Dieter Voss, MD, PhD  
      Content Codes: CT, NM, PD, OI, MR, PH 
      CME 1.50   
      In this course, the role of imaging in diagnosis, staging, treatment and follow-up of children with osseous and soft-tissue sarcomas is discussed, with emphasis on developing an imaging approach in both CT and MR for diagnosis. Additionally, this course focuses on identification of and response to technical issues and radiation dose concerns related to PET/CT in children. Indications for PET/CT in staging, response assessment, and surveillance in pediatric tumors are presented.
       
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  • Oncologic
    • Oncologic Imaging
    • Techniques for Quantitative Cancer Imaging Using CT & MRI-New        
      RSP2412   

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      Binsheng Zhao, DSc; Gregory Karczmar, PhD; Paul Kinahan, PhD 
      Content Codes: BQ, CT, MR, RO, OI  
      CME 1.25 
      Computed tomography (CT) and MRI are increasingly used for diagnosis and staging of cancer, as well as for assessment of response to therapy. This course will familiarize the audience with conventional response assessment methods and their limitations, especially at a time of target drug development.  Potential improvements will be discussed, including re-evaluating the RECIST (Response Assessment Criteria in Solid Tumors) guidelines and establishing new response assessment criteria based on tumor volume and density changes on CT.  This course reviews the use of MRI to reliably measure tumor volume, as well as two widely used MRI methods – dynamic contrast enhanced MRI (DCEMRI) and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI).  This course discusses methods used to standardize DCEMRI measurements, including quantitative measurements of contrast media as a function of time, measurement of the arterial input function, and use of an appropriate model for calculation of perfusion/capillary permeability, as well as 'model-free' approaches. 
       
      Quantitative Imaging in Brain Disorders and Brain Tumors-New   
      RSP2512  

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      Clifford R. Jack Jr, MD; Jeffrey R. Petrella, MD  
      Content Codes: NR, BQ, OI 
      CME 1.25 
      The promise of Alzheimer’s disease biomarkers has led to their incorporation in new diagnostic approaches and in therapeutic trials.  This course addresses the significant barriers that exist with incorporating biomarkers for widespread use. The course reviews hippocampal volumetry and why it is the most widely studied quantitative MR imaging measure in Alzheimer’s disease.   Discussion of a proposed step-wise path toward biomarkers standardization and the practical application of hippocampal volumetry, including required automated methods, is presented. A review of the standardization and assay validation process outlined for hippocampal volumetry is presented as a template that can be applied to other imaging biomarkers.
       
      Imaging of Irradiated and Ablated Tumors-New   
      RSP2612  

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      Christopher P. Hess, MD, PhD; Steven S. Raman, MD; Antonio C. Westphalen, MD  
      Content Codes: NR, CT, MR, OI  
      CME 1.75 
      This course is designed to illustrate the limitations of CT, MRI and PET in the evaluation for residual and recurrent malignancies.  A review of typical imaging changes that result from radiation and common assessment pitfalls will be presented. Case studies are presented that identify hepatic and renal thermal ablation-related changes chronologically and the differences between heat, cold and electroporation on CT, MRI and US.
       
      Imaging Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin Lymphomas   
      RSP2712  

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      David C. Hodgson, MD, MPH; M. Beth McCarville, MD  
      Content Codes: CT, OI, RO 
      CME 1.25 
      Although computed tomography remains the gold standard for assessment of lymphoma response to therapy, PET-CT can play an important role for both staging and response evaluation. This course reviews the role of imaging in lymphoma diagnosis and management and demonstrates how it guides therapy in this patient population. The limitations of PET imaging, as well as pitfalls and false positives of PET imaging, will be addressed.
       
      Imaging Mimics of Common Malignancies   
      RSP2111 

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      Soonmee Cha, MD; Steven L. Primack, MD; Liina Poder, MD; Cynthia S. Santillan, MD  
      Content Codes: OI 
      CME 1.50  
      Tumor-mimicking lesions at imaging can pose diagnostic dilemmas and challenges in clinical management and assessment of prognosis. This course illustrates the three different disease processes – infectious, ischemic, and inflammatory – in the brain that most often mimic brain tumors at imaging. Additionally, a category-based approach to and features of mimics of thoracic malignancy is presented. Congenital, infectious, and inflammatory entities that can be mistaken for abdominal malignancies are included in this comprehensive review. Finally, an overview of various mimics of cancers of gynecological origin is presented, along with a multi-modality approach to imaging and strategies to avoid pitfalls in diagnosis.
       
      Prostate MRI Update   
      RSP2411 

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      Peter L. Choyke, MD; Neil M.Rofsky, MD  
      Content Codes: GU, BQ, MR, OI 
      CME 1.25  
      This course provides radiologists with an in-depth review of prostate cancer diagnosis and care. The current status and limitations of prostate cancer treatment in the PSA screening era  are discussed. Current prostate cancer care guidelines are reviewed, including potential contributions of  MR imaging to diagnosis, biopsy, and care management.
       
      What Diagnostic Radiologists Need to Know about Radiation Oncology   
      RSP2910  

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      Stephanie A. Terezakis, MD; Ruth F. Lavigne, MD; Maximilian Diehn, MD, PhD; Dwight E. Heron, MD  
      Content Codes: RO, OI, NM  
      CME 1.50  
      Oncologic imaging can present significant challenges for radiologists and radiation oncologists when planning treatment for a positive patient outcome. This course reviews commonly used terminology and discusses the role of imaging in tissue contouring of tumors and normal tissue. Multiple imaging modalities are discussed, with emphasis on situational appropriateness and risk factors for each modality. Recommendations for potential new uses for PET in radiation therapy are explored, in addition to a review of clinical outcomes.
       
      Imaging Evaluation of Multiple Myeloma     
      RSP1910  

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      Gerwin Schmidt, MD; Michael E. Mulligan, MD 
      Content Codes: RO, OI, CT, MR 
      CME 1.50  
      Imaging of multiple myeloma is multi-faceted, with the radiologist evaluating not only disease stage but also treatment response and complications while considering dose. This course provides in-depth review of diagnosis and staging of multiple myeloma and provides tools for identification of infiltrating patterns in correlation to histology. Typical appearances of multiple myeloma in WB-MRI and correlation on WB-MDCT are shown. In addition, assessment of treatment responses and complications in myeloma patients is reviewed, with discussion of typical appearance of myeloma lesions after treatment on radiograph, CT, and MR images.
       
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  • Thoracic
    • Thoracic Imaging
    • Avoiding Errors in the Emergency Center: Injury, Artifact, or Normal Anatomy-NEW - Part of ER Missed Diagnosis Collection BUN28   
      RSP1112  

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      O. Clark West, MD; Sanjeev Bhalla, MD; Robert A. Novelline, MD; Jorge A. Soto, MD 
      Content Codes: CH, CT, ER, QA 
      CME 1.50 
      Trauma is the third leading cause of death in the US and the leading cause of death for those under 40 years of age. Approximately 25% of trauma deaths result from thoracic injuries. This case-based course reviews imaging of patients with suspected thoracic injuries, including injuries of the spine, aorta, chest, and abdomen. Using a variety of imaging methods, this course presents anatomic variants and imaging artifacts that may mimic acute thoracic injuries, as well as the use of multi-detector CT (MDCT) in accurately diagnosing a variety of thoracic injuries. Real trauma case examples are provided of MDCT findings that may mimic acute thoracic trauma.
       
      Common Problems in Thoracic Imaging-New   
      RSP1812  

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      Lacey Washington, MD; Ioannis Vlahos, MRCP, FRCR  
      Content Codes: CH, CT, OI,  
      CME 1.25 
      The current system for lung cancer staging--TNM 7th edition--represents a major advance on the prior classification system of lung cancer. As a result of these changes there has been a significant migration in how patients with lung cancer are currently staged. This course reviews the reclassification of the T,N, & M descriptors for lung cancer and their associated stage groupings to better reflect predicted patient survival. Included are discussions on the introduction of T1 & T2 subclasses and the alteration of how multiple nodules are handled. This presentation also addresses several limitations in the current system of lung cancer classification that may cause practical difficulty in staging. Discussion of the limitations includes classification of lymphangitis and the handling of patients with two or more lesions, particularly in patients with multifocal subsolid lesions
       
      New Frontiers in Imaging COPD and the Airways: Imaging Emphysema-New   
      RSP1912  

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      Alexander A. Bankier, MD; Jeffrey P. Kanne, MD; Eric J. Stern, MD  
      Content Codes: CH, CT, OI  
      CME 1.25 
      This course focuses on the epidemiological and clinical importance of pulmonary emphysema, as well as identification of the morphological subtypes of emphysema and their key CT characteristics. Presented are CT findings of smoking-related interstitial lung diseases, including pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis, respiratory bronchiolitis-associated interstitial lung disease, and desquamative interstitial pneumonia. HRCT manifestations and the supplemental imaging needed to evaluate patients with small airways diseases are presented.
       
      Acute and Chronic Pulmonary Emboli: Diagnosis and Treatment-New   
      RSP2312  

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      William Kuo MD; Anne Roberts MD  
      Content Codes: CT, OI, RO 
      CME 1.25 
      Acute pulmonary embolism (PE) is the third most common cause of death among hospitalized patients. This course reviews the current approach to acute PE, including appropriate diagnosis, risk stratification, management of acute massive and acute submassive PE and endovascular therapy. Techniques and procedures are presented for catheter-directed therapy to achieve rapid central clot debulking in patients with acute massive PE. Examples of catheter-directed thrombolytic infusion as adjunctive therapy for patients with acute submassive PE are presented.
       
      Pulmonary Diseases and Infections   
      RSP2311 

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      David A. Lynch, MD; H. Page McAdams, MD; Ann N. Leung, MD  
      Content Codes: CH, CT 
      CME 1.50  
      Correct diagnosis of pulmonary diseases and infections requires the radiologist to be familiar with a host of key imaging findings. In this course, the clinical and radiologic manifestations of pulmonary infections are presented. Strategies for differentiating between reticular abnormalities and ground glass opacity on CT are discussed. In addition, this course reviews the various types of acute aortic syndromes including classic aortic dissection, aortic intramural hematoma and penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer. The role of imaging in diagnosis and management of these acute aortic syndromes round out this course.
       
      Hot Topics in Thoracic Imaging   
      RSP1011  

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      Denise R. Aberle, MD; Ioannis Vlahos, MBBS; Martine J. Remy-Jardin, MD, PhD  
      Content Codes: CH, CT 
      CME 1.50  
      Focusing on hot topics in thoracic imaging, this course provides a solid foundation for discussion of current thoracic imaging issues. This course will explain the experimental design and participant characteristics of the National Lung Screening Trial, as well as a means to implement image-based screening for lung cancer in light of NLST findings. Dual-energy CT is discussed within the context of thoracic imaging, highlighting the physics principles and different techniques by which dual-energy CT images can be generated. Discussion of optimized CT protocols for integration of morphology and function in a single examination is presented.
       
      Guidelines for Thoracic Imaging Part of Pulmonary Collection BUN22   
      RSP2110  

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      Lawrence R. Goodman, MD; Ann N. C. Leung, MD; Heber Macmahon, MD; David Paul Naidich, MD; John R. Mayo, MD  
      Content Codes: CH, CT 
      CME 1.50  
      This course reviews diagnostic guidelines for pulmonary embolism, with additional review of the STR/ATS Guidelines for evaluating pulmonary embolism in pregnant patients. Methods for dose reduction in CT pulmonary angiography for pulmonary embolism evaluation are described. Review of the Fleischner Society Guidelines for detection of small nodules is provided, with emphasis on recognition of potential pitfalls in nodule detection and management. Interim guidelines for management of solitary subsolid pulmonary lesions of various sizes are also presented.
       
      High-Resolution CT: A Pattern-based Approach Part of Pulmonary Collection BUN22   
      RSP2610  

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      Gerald F. Abbott, MD; Susan Jennifer Copley, MD, FRCR; Ella A. Kazerooni, MD  
      Content Codes: CH, CT 
      CME 1.50  
      Diagnosis using High-resolution CT (HRCT) imaging of the lung requires pattern-based approaches. This course defines and illustrates the anatomic structures of the lung during HRCT, with emphasis on identifying the reticular and cystic patterns of the lung, including differential diagnosis of these patterns. In addition, review of centrilobular, perilymphatic, and other nodular patterns is discussed.
       
      Obstructive Lung Disease Part of Pulmonary Collection BUN22   
      RSP2310  

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      Jeffrey P. Kanne, MD; Philippe A. Grenier, MD  
      Content Codes: CH, CT 
      CME 1.25  
      To effectively diagnose conditions of the lung, radiologists must be familiar with a large array of diseases and conditions. During this course, presenters review the imaging features of pulmonary emphysema including its characteristics on high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT).  The course also describes the role of HRCT in lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS). Various surgical and non-surgical therapies for patients with severe emphysema and airflow obstruction are detailed.  This course also provides additional review of the use of CT in evaluation of central airway diseases, such as COPD, bronchiectasis, and asthma.
       
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  • Womens
    • Women’s Imaging
    • Digital Breast Tomosynthesis-NEW - Part of New Frontiers in Breast Imaging Collection BUN29 
      RSP1612  

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      Emily Conant, MD; Lawrence Bassett, MD; Etta Pisano, MD 
      Content Codes: BR, DM 
      CME 1.25  
      A review of digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) image acquisition and interpretation is provided, with an emphasis on potential challenges.  This course discusses the technical aspects of digital tomosynthesis and the impact on clinical workflow and resources.   The Tomosynthesis Mammographic Imaging Screening Trial (TMIST) and the data derived from the trial are presented. 
       
      Interventional Procedures: Stereotactically-guided Breast Biopsies -NEW   
      RSP1012  

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      Cecilia L. Mercado, MD; Mary C. Mahoney, MD; Michelle D. McDonough, MD  
      Content Codes: BR, IR 
      CME 1.75 
      Stereotactically-guided breast biopsy is a common procedure for the diagnosis of breast abnormalities. This course reviews basic procedural techniques, focusing on the indications for and practical use of this procedure. Additional topics include troubleshooting approaches for difficult cases, including apparent lesion movement, targeting errors, targeting far posterior or superficial breast lesions and targeting lesions in the thin breast. This course emphasizes the importance of radiologic-pathologic concordance and the importance of a multidisciplinary approach to management of biopsy results.
       
      Practical Gynecologic MR Imaging: Evaluation of Female Pelvic Pain-New   
      RSP2112 

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      Michele A. Brown, MD; Susan M. Ascher, MD  
      Content Codes: GU, MR  
      CME 1.00 
      This course focuses on the evaluation and the imaging of pelvic pain in women. Optimization of MRI protocols and interpretation pearls and pitfalls will be discussed. An analysis of published studies on uterine artery embolization (UAE) for women with symptomatic fibroids will be presented. Case examples of UAE will include symptomatic relief, durability, fertility and cost effectiveness.
       
      High-Resolution Radionuclide Breast Imaging-New - Part of New Frontiers in Breast Imaging Collection BUN29  
      RSP2212  

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      Rachel F. Brem, MD; Wendie A. Berg, MD, PhD; Amy L. Conners, MD  
      Content Codes: CH, NM, OI 
      CME 1.50 
      This course provides a detailed overview of select high-resolution radionuclide breast imaging techniques, including Breast Specific Gamma Imaging (BSGI), Positron Emission Mammography (PEM) and Molecular Breast Imaging (MBI). Benefits and drawbacks of each technique are discussed, including indications for local cancer staging, response to prior chemotherapy, post-breast conservation therapy and evaluation of tumor recurrence. Learn how to apply knowledge of MR and nuclear breast imaging techniques to determine appropriate use for specific indications, including breast cancer staging evaluation and screening of patients at increased risk of breast cancer. Additionally, this course will identify potential areas for future research and ongoing scientific developments in the area of high-resolution radionuclide breast imaging.
       
      Clinical Breast MR Imaging   
      RSP2911 

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      Constance D. Lehman, MD, PhD; Christiane K. Kuhl, MD  
      Content Codes: BR, MR, OI 
      CME 1.00  
      This course reviews current recommendations for breast cancer imaging, with discussion of management of high-risk patients and patients with current breast cancer diagnosis. Evidence-based criteria for patient selection and appropriate use of breast MR are presented. Specific emphasis is placed on understanding diagnosis in breast cancer patients, including extent of disease evaluation and response to chemotherapy. Basic principles of MR image-guided biopsy procedures, follow-up and management are reviewed, along with common technical pitfalls and how to deal with them.
       
      Mistakes to Avoid in Obstetric US   
      RSP1511  

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      Peter M. Doubilet, MD, PhD; Mary C. Frates, MD; Carol B. Benson, MD  
      Content Codes: GU, OB, US  
      CME 1.75  
      Imaging of the pregnant patient can provide unique challenges in preserving the health of both fetus and mother. Correct technique in imaging the pregnant patient is discussed in this course, including identification of common imaging mistakes of the first, second, and third trimesters. Correct fetal survey technique is presented, as well as methods to identify mistakes when performing a detailed fetal survey. Complications during pregnancy including early intrauterine pregnancy, ectopic pregnancy and early pregnancy failure are presented with image-based evidence.
       
      Mammography Review   
      RSP1810 

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      Stephen Albert Feig, MD; Christopher E. Comstock, MD  
      Content Codes: BR, MO  
      CME 1.00  
      Mammography screening in a busy practice can provide unique diagnostic and patient management challenges for the radiologist.  This course explores strategies for optimizing mammography screening practice through improved workflow, efficient scheduling, prompt and accurate reporting, and patient satisfaction with mammography screening procedures. In addition, this course reviews common screening mammography findings, such as subtle breast cancers and missed lesions, and provides a systematic approach to reducing missed cancers.
       
      US Imaging of Adnexal Cystic Masses   
      RSP2010  

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      Douglas L. Brown, MD; Maitray D. Patel, MD; Deborah Levine, MD  
      Content Codes: GU, OB, US 
      CME 1.50  
      Challenges of imaging adnexal cystic masses include the ability to differentiate between benign and malignant cysts. This course provides an in-depth review of simple adnexal cysts and appropriate follow-up criteria for both benign and suspected malignant cysts. It also provides methods for identifying the features of an adnexal cyst to improve prediction of malignancy. Differential diagnoses and sonographic features of hemorrhagic ovarian cysts, endrometriomas and cystic teratomas are also presented.
       
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  • Special
    • Special Inerest
    • Obesity: A Challenge for Imaging   
      RSP1610 

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      Phyllis Glanc, MD; Syed Ahmad Jamal Bokhari, MD; Caitlin T. McGregor, MD 
      Content Codes: GI, GU, OB, US, CT  
      CME 1.75   
      Imaging obese patients presents many challenges, including image quality, radiation dose, and quality of care. This course reviews the risks and limitations of medical imaging studies for obese patients and defines strategies to overcome them. Techniques are presented to optimize CT imaging capabilities. Additionally, review of the significance of fatty liver disease in the obese patient is presented, with discussion of risk factors for fibrosis, cirrhosis, and HCC in relation to fatty liver disease. The role of US imaging in the obese or pregnant patient is also presented.
       
      Malpractice Issues in Radiology   
      RSP1710 

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      Leonard Berlin, MD; Harley Jay Hammerman, MD; Richard N. Taxin, MD 
      Content Codes: HP, QA, PR 
      CME 1.25  
      Expectations for clear, timely communication of imaging results may put radiologists at risk for malpractice claims based on failure to accurately communicate results. This course reviews the duties that the law and the ACR Practice Guideline on Communication have imposed on radiologists to effectively communicate radiologic findings to referring physicians and/or patients. Additionally, one practice’s experience with an on-site imaging-results system is presented, with discussion of its impact on patient experience and care. The course explores both the advantages and disadvantages to patients and radiologists when establishing a process of direct communication. 
       
  • CD
    • CD Collections
    • These collections offer you a comprehensive education library—and significant savings. Each collection contains a set of refresher course CDs that pertain to a certain subspecialty, and include either two or three CDs. These sets are only available as listed; substitutions cannot be made.

      Pulmonary Collection   

      BUN22
      Member Price: $120 Non-Member Price: $175
       

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      Comprehensive study of CT imaging of the lungs, from the features of chronic obstructive conditions to evaluation of the patient at risk of pulmonary embolism. Includes:

      RSP2110 Guidelines for Thoracic Imaging - CME 1.50
      RSP2610 High-Resolution CT: A Pattern-based Approach - CME 1.50
      RSP2310 Obstructive Lung Disease - CME 1.25

      Three CDs providing an opportunity to earn 4.25 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits

       
      Pediatric Gastrointestinal Collection   
      BUN25
      Member Price: $80 Non-Member Price: $120 
       

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      Explore CT and MR imaging strategies for pediatric gastrointestinal concerns, including liver disease, gynecological anomalies, renal disease and other acute gastrointestinal conditions. Includes:

      RSP1811 Pediatric Abdominal Imaging - CME 1.75
      RSP2711 Pediatric Gastrointestinal Imaging - CME 1.00

      Two CDs providing an opportunity to earn 2.75 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits. 

       
      Abdominal Collection   
      BUN26
      Member Price: $120 Non-Member Price: $175 
       

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      Comprehensive review of great cases in abdominal imaging, including identification and characterization of malignancies of the liver, kidneys, biliary tract and pancreas. includes:

      RSP1211 Gastrointestinal: Acute Abdominal Pain - CEM1.50
      RSP1311 Great Cases in Abdominal US - CME 1.25
      RSP1711 Abdominal MRI for Better Diagnosis - CME1.75 

      Three CDs providing an opportunity to earn 4.50 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™.
       
      Dementia Collection   
      BUN27
      Member Price: $120 Non-Member Price: $175
        

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      A comprehensive review of imaging considerations in dementia and cognitive disorders including emerging PET imaging techniques for the evaluation and diagnosis of Alzheimer’s Disease. Explore imaging of silent cerebral infarcts that increase the risk of dementia. Includes: 

      RSP1512 PET Brain Imaging with an Emphasis on Dementia - CME 1.50
      RSP2012 Dementia Imaging: From Structure to Function - CME 1.25
      RSP2611 Brain Imaging Work-up for Dementia - CME 1.75 

      Three CDs providing an opportunity to earn 4.50 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits
       
      ER Missed Diagnosis Collection   
      BUN28
      Member Price: $80 Non-Member Price: $120
        

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      A review of the most easily missed findings of both upper and lower extremities and traumatic thoracic injuries in a wide variety of imaging modalities. Includes:

      RSP1111 Easily Missed Findings in ER: Extremity Injuries - CME 1.25
      RSP1112 Avoiding Errors in the Emergency Center: Injury, Artifact, or Normal Anatomy - CME 1.50 

      Two CDs providing an opportunity to earn 2.75 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits
       
      New Frontiers in Breast Imaging Collection   
      BUN29
      Member Price: $80 Non-Member Price: $120
        

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      Comprehensive review of digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) image acquisition and interpretation is provided, with an emphasis on potential challenges. This collection includes a detailed overview of select high-resolution radionuclide breast imaging techniques, including Breast Specific Gamma Imaging (BSGI), Positron Emission Mammography (PEM) and Molecular Breast Imaging (MBI). Benefits and drawbacks of each technique are discussed. Includes:

      RSP1612 Digital Breast Tomosynthesis - CME 1.25
      RSP2212 High-Resolution Radionuclide Breast Imaging - CME 1.50 

      Two CDs providing an opportunity to earn 2.75 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits
       
      Cardiac Imaging Collection   
      BUN30
      Member Price: $80 Non-Member Price: $120
       

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      Comprehensive review of a wide range of valve pathology that can be assessed by cardiac CT imaging, including congenital and acquired conditions, infectious endocarditis, and complications of valve replacement is reviewed. Explore dose reduction strategies, including the use of optimized scan parameters and new technologies such as prospective triggering and iterative reconstruction. Includes:

      RSP1712 Cardiac CT and MRI Technology Update - CME 1.25
      RSP2912 Imaging the Cardiac Valves and Valve Prostheses - CME 1.50 

      Two CDs providing an opportunity to earn 2.75 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits
       
      Head Imaging Collection   
      BUN31
      Member Price: $80 Non-Member Price: $120
       

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      Comprehensive review of head and neck imaging areas including case based examples of easily missed and frequently misinterpreted image findings. Imaging features of traumatic brain injury, with an emphasis on unusual imaging presentations of traumatic brain lesions. This collection includes techniques for decreased dose CT and the role of reformatted images and CT angiography. Includes:

      RSP1212 Head and Neck Missed Diagnoses and Imaging Pearls - CME 1.75
      RSP1412 Emergency Neuroradiology: Head Trauma - CME 1.25 

      Two CDs providing an opportunity to earn 3.00 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits